The field of education is an important endeavor that focuses on understanding how young people acquire knowledge and how adults can impart this knowledge. Education aims to develop the whole person from a young child into an intelligent and mature adult who is able to acquire skills in areas of particular interest and exercise dominance over their environment. The various theories on education have benefited our understanding of the process by which people acquire knowledge. The process of learning involves refining courses of study over time.
Disadvantages of education
Education is essential to keeping society running smoothly. In order for a country to function, it must fill vacancies in the labor market with suitable individuals. As a result, education is responsible for sorting people according to their skill sets and earning potential. Children with the highest achievement levels will be trained for the most highly-paid and important jobs, while the lowest-achieving students will be trained for low-paid jobs.
Effective teaching involves progressively refining our courses
The goal of effective teaching is to help students understand new concepts, build on their prior knowledge, and create knowledge from scratch. Increasingly, scientists and engineers have recognized that this process involves incorporating new ideas into existing knowledge. These findings are being put into practice in their classrooms. In Chapter 4, we will explore more ideas about effective teaching. In order to create an effective course, we must first understand the learning needs of our students.
Kinesthetic learning based on manipulating objects
Despite the fact that kinesthetic learning relies heavily on physical movements and manipulation, it has many applications in education. Hands-on simulations and exercises allow kinesthetic learners to apply new concepts and acquire tools. In addition, these activities can help kinesthetic learners visualize real-life applications. For example, students who learn by interacting with objects may prefer case studies or role-playing activities to a video presentation of the same topic.
Visual learning based on observation
In the classroom, visual learners typically sit in the front row. They are fascinated by bright colors and motion. They like to paint and draw, and often retell stories in great detail. They are likely to say, “Show me!” when learning a new skill. They also learn by watching others perform tasks. It’s not surprising that most adults claim to be visual learners. This type of learning accounts for as much as 65% of the population.
Content specific characteristics of highly effective teachers
High-performing teachers are often described as having the ability to teach at a high level across multiple subject areas. This type of teacher has an extensive repertoire of instructional practices and approaches that support student learning. In addition, they have the ability to scaffold instruction, orchestrate classroom discussions and learning tasks, and apply a wide range of instructional strategies. Highly effective teachers demonstrate a thorough understanding of the content they teach and demonstrate an ability to effectively communicate their knowledge to students.